Know Your Medicines
Minor Ailments

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Your Pharmacist can help you with minor ailments.

Athlete’s Foot
Athlete’s foot is a common skin condition where there is fungus infection of the feet. The presence of moisture, sweat and lack of proper ventilation of the feet presents the perfect setting for the fungus of athlete's foot to grow.
To find out more, please refer to:
Cold,Cough, Flu
The common cold is a viral infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract which affects primarily the nose. Symptoms may include a cough, sore throat, runny nose, and fever which usually resolve in seven to ten days. How is flu different from the common cold?
To find out more, please refer to:
  1. Facts on Cold and Flu
  2. Coughs and Cold
Constipation may have different meaning to different people. It is not a disease by itself, but it is usually a symptom resulting from underlying causes. Constipation could mean infrequent bowel movements, decrease in volume or weight of stool, or the need to strain to have a movement. The causes of constipation are plenty. 
To find out more, please refer to: 
  1. Chronic Constipation
  2. Constipation
Dry Eyes
Dry eye is a very common condition in Singapore and it especially affects those who wear contact lens or work in an air-conditioned environment. 
To find out more, please refer to: 
  1. Dry Eye
Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic, recurring inflammatory skin disease that is common in people with a family history of atopic disorder. While the causes are unknown, we do know that there are certain triggers that can worsen it. 
To find out more, please refer to:
  1. Unity Wellness Guide – Eczema
  2. Do You Have Eczema?  (Courtesy of Guardian) 
  3. Eczema (Courtesy of CGH)
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) refers to the back flow (reflux) of acid juices of the stomach into the oesophagus (the food passage that links the oral cavity to the stomach). This causes irritation and sometimes even damage to the lining of the oesophagus. 
To find out more, please refer to: 
  1. Reflux
  2. Heartburn
Head Lice
Head lice are tiny, flat, six-legged, wingless insects that live and feed on blood from the human scalp. Contrary to popular belief, head lice do not jump or fly from one person to another but are spread by direct contact with an infected person and their belongings (e.g. brushes, combs, hair accessories, caps, towels, blankets, pillows and stuffed toys). A common symptom is an intense itch localized to the head caused by substances in the lice saliva. This itch may continue for one week even after the lice infestation has been cleared.
To find out more, please refer to:
  1. Head Lice
Haemorrhoids can be described as "cushions" of tissue within the anal canal that contain blood vessels and their surrounding supporting tissue are made up of muscle and elastic fibres. Haemorrhoids are present in everyone. It is only when the haemorrhoidal cushions enlarge that haemorrhoids can cause problems and be considered abnormal or a disease.
To find out more, please refer to:
  1. Haemorrhoids (Piles)
Mouth Ulcers
Mouth ulcers are small, painful lesions which usually appear on the inside of the cheeks, on the lips, tongue, and gums. These are harmless and non-contagious sores that tend to heal in 7 to 14 days, on its own even without treatment. There are medications available to ease the pain and also help the ulcer heal quickly. 
To find out more, please refer to:
  1. Mouth Ulcers – Often Painful and Annoying but Easy to Treat
Scabies are mites (a type of small insect that can be seen with a microscope) that burrow under the skin, causing severe itching and red bumpy rashes. It can be treated on confirmation of diagnosis by a doctor. 
To find out more, please refer to:
  1. Treatment for Scabies
  2. Scabies
Warts are skin growths, caused by a viral infection of the cells present in the outermost layer of the skin. Treatment would consist of destroying the outer layer of the skin where the wart grows. 
To find out more, please refer to:
  1. Viral Warts